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Materials choice for laser and EB welding

Material selection for laser and EB welding

Probably the most necessary elements in a profitable laser or electron beam (EB) welding challenge is choosing the proper supplies up entrance.  The correct materials could make the distinction between a challenge that runs easily and will get delivered on time, and a challenge that takes longer, prices extra, and causes numerous aggravation. Whereas we may most likely write a guide on this matter, listed here are a number of do’s and don’ts to get began. 

DO test with us first to verify the fabric you’re selecting could be simply welded.  This may occasionally appear apparent, however some clients ignore this at their peril.  For instance, a few years in the past I labored on a challenge involving elements happening the area station. The shopper was so adamant about utilizing a selected materials that he ordered $80,000 price of it… after which realized after buying and ultimate machining that the fabric couldn’t be welded.  We finally discovered learn how to make it work, however it took 10 occasions the hassle and 10 occasions the price.  The underside line – be certain the designer and the welding engineer collaborate earlier than making your ultimate materials decisions.

DO decide good weldable alloys: 

  • Chrome steel is among the hottest supplies for laser and electron beam (EB) welding. However keep away from stainless steels containing sulphur and phosphor. Their low melting factors make them key culprits for cracking and porosity issues. Clients like 303 stainless due to its ease of machining, however the end result with welding is just not at all times supreme. Speak to your welding engineer BEFORE deciding on 303.

Stainless steels ending in F free of charge machining, resembling 316 F and 430 F, ought to undoubtedly be averted.  Once more, the sulphur and phosphor which are added to make them free machining are horrible for welding.  (We prefer to say the “F” stands for failure!) 

  • Aluminum alloys will also be laser and EB welded. Cleanliness is essential with aluminum, since oxidation can result in weld failure. Should you want a excessive power alloy, sure aluminums are precipitation hardenable, which suggests they are often introduced as much as full power after welding with warmth treating. Some aluminums would require filler materials.

  • Titanium is a well-liked materials for a lot of aerospace purposes. Like aluminum, cleanliness is vital for welding titanium. Titanium ranges from commercially pure grades to a variety of titanium alloys containing issues like tin with a low melting level. These titanium alloys should not unweldable, however you might want to include sure joint designs as a way to make them weldable.  Once more… test together with your welding engineer first.

DO preheat excessive carbon supplies. The extra carbon in metal, the tougher it turns into to weld and the extra susceptible it’s to cracking. And I don’t imply little cracks – I imply huge cracks with full weld failure. To reduce the potential for cracking, excessive carbon steels needs to be preheated previous to welding.

DON’T weld within the hardened situation (normally).  The success charge of welding hardened materials is mostly decrease compared with annealed materials.  If attainable, do your welding within the annealed situation and harden after welding.

Many elements go into selecting a cloth together with price, power, design standards, post-weld testing, and so forth.  However to repeat – be certain the fabric you’re contemplating is definitely weldable BEFORE you make your ultimate selection. 

Speak to an knowledgeable to debate your choices and ensure your subsequent welding challenge is successful.  Or be happy to go away a query within the area under and we’ll get again to you with a solution. 


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